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Stimulus intensity dependence of cerebral blood volume changes in left frontal lobe by low-frequency rTMS to right frontal lobe: A near-infrared spectroscopy study.

Research paper by Yoshiyuki Y Aoyama, Naoki N Hanaoka, Masaki M Kameyama, Masashi M Suda, Toshimasa T Sato, Mingqiao M Song, Masato M Fukuda, Masahiko M Mikuni

Indexed on: 11 Nov '08Published on: 11 Nov '08Published in: Neuroscience Research



Abstract

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has recently been widely employed for the investigation of brain function and treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders. Although high and low stimulation frequencies are assumed to activate and deactivate brain function, respectively, the optimal parameters of rTMS for treatment of depression have been determined only on the basis of their clinical efficacy. In this study, we administered a 60-s low-frequency rTMS of three grades low intensities over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in 10 healthy volunteers, and monitored functional changes of the contralateral DLPFC by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during and immediately after rTMS. Obtained results demonstrated significant [oxy-Hb] decreases during rTMS, and significant differences in the time courses of [oxy-Hb] changes among three stimulus intensities, that is, [oxy-Hb] decreases were most prominent during the latter half of the stimulation and the first 30s of poststimulation only at 15mm condition (58% intensity). These results suggest that monitoring of brain functional changes due to rTMS using NIRS is useful for elucidating the brain mechanisms underlying the clinical effects of rTMS, and the effects of rTMS over contralateral DLPFC are obtained if the stimulus intensities are more than one-half of the motor thresholds.