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Stimulation by cholera toxin of ADP-ribosylation of membrane proteins, adenylate cyclase and insulin release in pancreatic islets.

Research paper by M M Svoboda, P P Garcia-Morales, S P SP Dufrane, A A Sener, I I Valverde, J J Christophe, W J WJ Malaisse

Indexed on: 01 Jan '85Published on: 01 Jan '85Published in: Cell Biochemistry and Function



Abstract

In rat pancreatic islet membranes exposed to [alpha-32P]NAD, cholera toxin stimulated the labelling of three peptides with Mr close to 22 000, 42 000 and 48 000, respectively. In the islets, the toxin-stimulated ADP-ribosylation of the heavy form of the Ns alpha-subunit predominated over that of the light form, in mirror image of the situation found in the exocrine pancreas. When intact islets were preincubated with cholera toxin, the adenylate cyclase activity of a subcellular particulate fraction was increased. The responsiveness of adenylate cyclase to GTP was also augmented, but that to NaF was decreased. In intact islets, the production of cyclic AMP and the glucose-stimulated release of insulin were also enhanced after pretreatment with cholera toxin. These findings reveal the presence in pancreatic islets of the guanyl nucleotide regulatory protein of adenylate cyclase, with an unusual predominance of the heavy form of the Ns alpha-subunit.