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Stent-assisted intracranial recanalization for acute stroke: early results.

Research paper by Elad I EI Levy, Robert D RD Ecker, Michael B MB Horowitz, Rishi R Gupta, Ricardo A RA Hanel, Eric E Sauvageau, Tudor G TG Jovin, Lee R LR Guterman, L Nelson LN Hopkins

Indexed on: 11 Mar '06Published on: 11 Mar '06Published in: Neurosurgery



Abstract

In patients who are not candidates for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator, intra-arterial (IA) therapy is an alternative. Current recanalization rates are 50 to 60% for IA thrombolysis. Stent-assisted recanalization in the setting of acute stroke after failed thrombolysis may improve recanalization rates.A retrospective analysis was performed of 19 patients treated at two institutions between July 2001 and March, 2005 with intracranial stenting of a vessel resistant to standard thrombolytic techniques. Demographics, clinical, and radiographic presentation and outcomes were studied.Thirteen men and six women with a median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score of 16 (range, 15-22) were included. Eight lesions were located at the internal carotid artery terminus, seven in the M1/M2 segment, and four in the basilar artery. Average time-to-treatment was 210 +/- 160 minutes. Overall recanalization rate (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction Grade 2 or 3) was 79%. There were six deaths: five due to progression of stroke and withdrawal of care at the family's request and one as the result of a delayed carotid injury after tracheostomy. One postoperative asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred without adverse affect on outcome. Median discharge NIHSS score of surviving patients was 5 (range, 2.5-11.5). Lesions at the internal carotid artery terminus (P < 0.009), older age (P < 0.003), and higher baseline NIHSS score (P < 0.009) were significant negative outcome predictors, as measured by >3 modified Rankin scale score at discharge.Stent-assisted recanalization for acute stroke resulting from intracranial thrombotic occlusion is associated with a high recanalization rate and low intracranial hemorrhage rate. These initial results suggest that stenting may be an option for recalcitrant cerebral arterial occlusions.

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