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Star formation associated with the infrared dust bubble N68

Research paper by Chuan-Peng Zhang, Jun-Jie Wang

Indexed on: 02 Aug '12Published on: 02 Aug '12Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies



Abstract

We investigated the environment of the infrared dust bubble N68 and searched for evidence of triggered star formation in its surroundings. We performed a multiwavelength study of the nebula with data taken from several large-scale surveys: GLIMPSE, MIPSGAL, IRAS, NVSS, GRS, and JCMT. We analyzed the spectral profile and the distribution of the molecular gas (^{13}CO J = 1 - 0 and J = 3 - 2), and the dust in the environment of the N68. The position-velocity diagram clearly shows that the N68 may be expanding outward. We used two three-color images of the mid-infrared emission to explore the physical environment, and one color-color diagram to investigate the distribution of young stellar objects (YSOs). We found that the 24 \mu m emission is surrounded by the 8.0 \mu m emission. Morphologically, the 1.4 GHz continuum correlates strongly with the 24 \mu m emission, and the ^{13}CO J = 1 - 0 and J = 3 - 2 emissions correlate well with the 8.0 \mu m emission. We investigated two compact cores located at the shell of the N68. The spectral intensity ratios of ^{13}CO J = 3 - 2 to J = 1 - 0 range from 5 to 0.3. In addition, young star objects, masers, IRAS, and UC HII regions distribute at the shell of bubble. The active region may be triggered by the expanding of the bubble N68.