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Standoff Detection of Solid Traces by Single-Beam Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy Using Shaped Femtosecond Pulses

Research paper by O. Katz, A. Natan, S. Rosenwaks, Y. Silberberg

Indexed on: 20 Mar '08Published on: 20 Mar '08Published in: Physics - Optics



Abstract

We demonstrate a single-beam, standoff (>10m) coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS) of various materials, including trace amounts of explosives and nitrate samples, under ambient light conditions. The multiplex measurement of characteristic molecular vibrations with <20cm-1 spectral resolution is carried out using a single broadband (>550cm-1) phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulse. We exploit the strong nonresonant background signal for amplification of the weak backscattered resonant CARS signal by using a homodyne detection scheme. This facilitates a simple, highly sensitive single-beam spectroscopic technique, with a potential for hazardous materials standoff detection applications.