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Stability and dynamics of silicate/organic hybrid micelles

Research paper by Andrew Kacheff, Eric Prouzet

Indexed on: 20 Mar '17Published on: 10 Dec '16Published in: Comptes Rendus Chimie



Abstract

The formation of silicate/organic hybrid micelles is an important milestone in the two-step synthesis of mesoporous silica with polyethyleneoxide (PEO) nonionic structure directing agents (C.R. Chimie 8 (2005) 579). Unlike many inorganic/organic hybrid micelles, these objects have the inorganic component as a diffuse layer positioned at the periphery of the initial micelles and interacting with the hydrophilic polyoxyethylene palisade. We studied how this additional inorganic layer can modify the structure and dynamics of micelles prepared with different types of nonionic surfactants using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence and dynamic light scattering. Our results show that these hybrid micelles still possess a versatile behavior, which allows them to adapt reversibly to temperature changes. This silicate layer tends to stabilize and consolidate the micelle structure, especially close to the cloud point of critical micelle temperature for polypropyleneoxide (PPO)-based triblock copolymers. Their internal structure is only slightly disturbed by the silicate layer, which reduces the molecular exchanges a little bit. Among other results, we managed to elucidate why mesoporous silica prepared with Pluronic P123, according to our synthesis, stands a dramatic structural change from wormhole to hexagonal structure at 40 °C. Our dynamic light scattering study shows that 40 °C is a critical temperature corresponding to a sphere-to-rodlike structural transition of hybrid micelles, which is not observed with pure micelles.