Indexed on: 25 Feb '19Published on: 25 Feb '19Published in: The Journal of endocrinology
Renal fibrosis is a major pathological characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Reportedly, increased SIRT1 expression played a renal protective role in animal models of DN. This study was designed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effects of SRT1720, an SIRT1 activator, against diabetes-induced renal fibrosis. Type 2 diabetic mice (db/db) were treated with SRT1720 (50 mg/kg/d) by gavage for 10 weeks. Renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells) were treated with high glucose (HG, 30 mM) in the presence or absence of SRT1720 (2.5 µM) for 48 h. We observed that impaired SIRT1 expression and activity were restored by SRT1720 administration in db/db mice as well as in HG-treated HK-2 cells. Moreover, SRT1720 administration improved renal function, attenuated glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial expansion, glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis, and inhibited TGFB1 and CTGF expressions and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation in db/db mice. Similarly, HG-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transformation (EMT), and collagen IV and fibronectin expressions were inhibited in SRT1720 treated HK-2 cells. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that SRT1720 suppressed HIF1α, GLUT1 and SNAIL expressions both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, Hif1α or Glut1 knockdown effectively abrogated HG-induced EMT and collagen IV and fibronectin expressions in HK-2 cells. These findings suggest that SRT1720 prevented diabetes-induced renal fibrosis via the SIRT1/HIF1α/GLUT1/SNAIL pathway.