Squares and Cubes Modulo n

Research paper by Steven Finch, Pascal Sebah

Indexed on: 25 Mar '16Published on: 25 Mar '16Published in: Mathematics - Number Theory


We study the asymptotics of the average number of squares (or quadratic residues) in Z_n and Z_n^*. Similar analyses are performed for cubes, square roots of 0 and 1, and cube roots of 0 and 1.