Spin networks and SL(2,C)-Character varieties

Research paper by Sean Lawton, Elisha Peterson

Indexed on: 22 Jul '08Published on: 22 Jul '08Published in: Mathematics - Quantum Algebra


Denote the free group on 2 letters by F_2 and the SL(2,C)-representation variety of F_2 by R=Hom(F_2,SL(2,C)). The group SL(2,C) acts on R by conjugation. We construct an isomorphism between the coordinate ring C[SL(2,C)] and the ring of matrix coefficients, providing an additive basis of C[R]^SL(2,C) in terms of spin networks. Using a graphical calculus, we determine the symmetries and multiplicative structure of this basis. This gives a canonical description of the regular functions on the SL(2,C)-character variety of F_2 and a new proof of a classical result of Fricke, Klein, and Vogt.