Indexed on: 31 Jan '21Published on: 31 Jan '21Published in: Scientific Reports
Expanded newborn screening facilitates early identification and intervention of patients with inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), There is a lack of disease spectrum data for many areas in China. To determine the disease spectrum and genetic characteristics of IEMs in Xi'an city of Shaanxi province in northwest China, 146152 newborns were screening by MSMS from January 2014 to December 2019 and 61 patients were referred to genetic analysis by next generation sequencing (NGS) and validated by Sanger sequencing. Seventy-five newborns and two mothers were diagnosed with IEMs, with an overall incidence of 1:1898 (1:1949 without mothers). There were 35 newborns with amino acidemias (45.45%, 1:4176), 28 newborns with organic acidurias (36.36%, 1:5220), and 12 newborns and two mothers with FAO disorders (18.18%; 1:10439 or 1:12179 without mothers). Phenylketonuria and methylmalonic acidemia were the two most common disorders, accounting for 65.33% (49/75) of all confirmed newborn. Some hotspot mutations were observed for several IEMs, including PAH gene c.728G>A for phenylketonuria; MMACHC gene c.609G>A and c.567dupT, MMUT gene c.323G>A for methylmalonic acidemia and SLC25A13 gene c.852_855del for citrin deficiency. Our study provides effective clinical guidance for the popularization and application of expanded newborn screening, genetic screening, and genetic counseling of IEMs in this region.