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Speckle tracking evaluation of right ventricular functions in children with sickle cell disease.

Research paper by Osama Abd Rab Elrasol OARE Tolba, Mohamed Ramadan MR El-Shanshory, Mohamed Abd Elaziz MAE El-Gamasy, Walid Ahmed WA El-Shehaby

Indexed on: 21 Sep '17Published on: 21 Sep '17Published in: Annals of pediatric cardiology



Abstract

Cardiac dysfunction is a risk factor for death in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD).Aim of the work is to evaluate the right ventricular systolic and diastolic functions by tissue Doppler and speckling tracking imaging in children with SCD.Thirty children with SCD and thirty controls were subjected to clinical, laboratory evaluations, and echocardiographic study using GE Vivid 7 (GE Medical System, Horten, Norway with a 3.5-MHz multifrequency transducer) including; Two-dimensional and tissue Doppler echocardiographic study (lateral tricuspid valve annulus peak E' velocity, lateral tricuspid valve annulus peak A' velocity, E'/A' ratio, isovolumetric relaxation time, lateral tricuspid valve annulus S' and septal S' waves and peak longitudinal systolic strain [PLSS] and time to PLSS) were done in six right ventricular segments.There was a significant decrease in right ventricular systolic and diastolic function in patients group when compared to controls.Children with SCD have impaired right ventricular systolic and diastolic functions when compared to healthy children with early evaluation of the systolic dysfunction by speckle tracking imaging technique.