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Sparse representation-based DOA estimation of coherent wideband LFM signals in FRFT domain

Research paper by Bo Li, Xiuhong Wang

Indexed on: 12 Dec '17Published on: 11 Dec '17Published in: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking



Abstract

In this paper, the method of direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation for wideband signals based on sparse representation of FRFT domain is proposed by using the excellent convergence of FRFT to LFM signals. This method focuses the wideband signal to the reference frequency using FRFT, establishes the DOA estimation model and the array manifold matrix in the FRFT domain, and reconstructs the spatial spectral function based on the sparse representation of the spatial angles, so as to realize the wideband LFM signal DOA estimations. The method not only is suitable for non-coherent signals but also can process coherent signals directly without any decoherent operations; in addition, the number of signals is not necessarily known a priori. Simulation results show that the proposed method can achieve better estimation performance and higher angular resolution, especially under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) condition.