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Sparse Projection Pursuit Analysis: An Alternative for Exploring Multivariate Chemical Data.

Research paper by Stephen P SP Driscoll, Yannick S YS MacMillan, Peter D PD Wentzell

Indexed on: 13 Dec '19Published on: 12 Dec '19Published in: Analytical Chemistry



Abstract

Sparse projection pursuit analysis (SPPA), a new approach for the unsupervised exploration of high-dimensional chemical data, is proposed as an alternative to traditional exploratory methods such as principal components analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). Where traditional methods use variance and distance metrics for data compression and visualization, the proposed method incorporates the fourth statistical moment (kurtosis) to access interesting subspaces that can clarify relationships within complex data sets. The quasi-power algorithm used for projection pursuit is coupled with a genetic algorithm for variable selection to efficiently generate sparse projection vectors that improve the chemical interpret-ability of the results while at the same time mitigating the problem of over-modeling. Several multivariate chemical data sets are employed to demonstrate that SPPA can reveal meaningful clusters in the data where other unsupervised methods cannot.