Sparse Hierarchical Interaction Learning with Epigraphical Projection

Research paper by Mingyuan Jiu, Nelly Pustelnik, Stefan Janaqi, Mériam Chebre, Lin Qi, Philippe Ricoux

Indexed on: 18 Nov '19Published on: 16 Nov '19Published in: Journal of Signal Processing Systems


This work focuses on learning optimization problems with quadratical interactions between variables, which go beyond the additive models of traditional linear learning. We investigate more specifically two different methods encountered in the literature to deal with this problem: “hierNet” and structured-sparsity regularization, and study their connections. We propose a primal-dual proximal algorithm based on an epigraphical projection to optimize a general formulation of these learning problems. The experimental setting first highlights the improvement of the proposed procedure compared to state-of-the-art methods based on fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm (i.e. FISTA) or alternating direction method of multipliers (i.e. ADMM), and then, using the proposed flexible optimization framework, we provide fair comparisons between the different hierarchical penalizations and their improvement over the standard ℓ1-norm penalization. The experiments are conducted both on synthetic and real data, and they clearly show that the proposed primal-dual proximal algorithm based on epigraphical projection is efficient and effective to solve and investigate the problem of hierarchical interaction learning.