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Space functions of groups

Research paper by Alexander Olshanskii

Indexed on: 09 Dec '10Published on: 09 Dec '10Published in: Mathematics - Group Theory



Abstract

We consider space functions $s(n)$ of finitely presented groups $G =< A\mid R> .$ (These functions have a natural geometric analog.) To define $s(n)$ we start with a word $w$ over $A$ of length at most $n$ equal to 1 in $G$ and use relations from $R$ for elementary transformations to obtain the empty word; $s(n)$ bounds from above the tape space (or computer memory) one needs to transform any word of length at most $n$ vanishing in $G$ to the empty word. One of the main obtained results is the following criterion: A finitely generated group $H$ has decidable word problem of polynomial space complexity if and only if $H$ is a subgroup of a finitely presented group $G$ with a polynomial space function.