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Solution structure of a designed amphipathic antimicrobial synthetic peptide, PGAa.

Research paper by E E Hong, P Y PY Jeong, J W JW Jung, Y Y Kim, C C Cheong, Y K YK Paik, W W Lee

Indexed on: 12 Oct '00Published on: 12 Oct '00Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications



Abstract

A designed peptide, PGAa showed an excellent antifungal activity as well as an efficient bactericidal activity toward gram-positive, especially in the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans 28838. The solution structures of PGAa have been determined both in 40% TFE/water solution and DPC micelle by CD and NMR spectroscopy. Based on NOEs, vicinal coupling constants, backbone amide exchange rates, and chemical shift indices, PGAa formed a long amphipathic alpha-helical conformation in both TFE and DPC micelle environments, spanning the residues Ile(2)-Ala(19) in TFE and Lys(5)-Ala(19) in DPC micelle, respectively. Solution structures suggested that the hydrophobic residues would interact with the fatty acyl chains of the lipid bilayer, while the positively charged side-chains exposed to aqueous environments. Therefore, we conclude that the alpha-helical structure as well as the highly amphiphatic nature of PGAa peptide may play a critical role in its antimicrobial activity as well as selectivities in different species.