Indexed on: 14 Apr '16Published on: 13 Apr '16Published in: International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
Management of reactive power resources is essential for secure and stable operation of power systems in the standpoint of voltage stability. In power systems, the purpose of optimal reactive power dispatch (ORPD) problem is to identify optimal values of control variables to minimize the objective function considering the constraints. The most popular objective functions in ORPD problem are the total transmission line loss and total voltage deviation (TVD). This paper proposes a hybrid approach based on imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) to find the solution of optimal reactive power dispatch (ORPD) of power systems. The proposed hybrid method is implemented on standard IEEE 57-bus and IEEE 118-bus test systems. The obtained results show that the proposed hybrid approach is more effective and has higher capability in finding better solutions in comparison to ICA and PSO methods.