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Solitary states and solitary state chimera in neural networks.

Research paper by E E Rybalova, V S VS Anishchenko, G I GI Strelkova, A A Zakharova

Indexed on: 15 Jul '20Published on: 03 Aug '19Published in: Chaos (Woodbury, N.Y.)



Abstract

We investigate solitary states and solitary state chimeras in a ring of nonlocally coupled systems represented by FitzHugh-Nagumo neurons in the oscillatory regime. We perform a systematic study of solitary states in this network. In particular, we explore the phase space structure, calculate basins of attraction, analyze the region of existence of solitary states in the system's parameter space, and investigate how the number of solitary nodes in the network depends on the coupling parameters. We report for the first time the occurrence of solitary state chimera in networks of coupled time-continuous neural systems. Our results disclose distinctive features characteristic of solitary states in the FitzHugh-Nagumo model, such as the flat mean phase velocity profile. On the other hand, we show that the mechanism of solitary states' formation in the FitzHugh-Nagumo model similar to chaotic maps and the Kuramoto model with inertia is related to the appearance of bistability in the system for certain values of coupling parameters. This indicates a general, probably a universal desynchronization scenario via solitary states in networks of very different nature.