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Social adjustment among Chinese women following breast cancer surgery.

Research paper by Wendy W T WW Lam, Miranda M Chan, Wai Ka WK Hung, Amy A Or, Richard R Fielding

Indexed on: 14 Jan '09Published on: 14 Jan '09Published in: Psycho-Oncology



Abstract

How breast cancer surgery affects social adjustment among Chinese women is unknown, as are factors predicting such adjustment.405 Chinese women receiving surgery for localized breast cancer completed Social Adjustment Scales (Ch-SAS) at 1-, 4- and 8-months post-operatively. Subscale scores were regressed on baseline (days 3-12 post-operatively) measures of treatment decision-making difficulty (TDMD), self-efficacy (GSeS), consultation satisfaction (C-MISS-R), psychological (CHQ-12) and physical distress (PD), and 1-month follow-up optimism (C-LOT-R), and disappointment (E-OI), fully adjusted for demographic and clinical factors.All Ch-SAS subscales except appearance & sexuality changed significantly over 8-months follow-up: Enjoyment of social activities (F=27.38, df 2, p<0.001) and self-image (F=3.63, df 2, p=0.027) improved slightly. Family interaction (F=26.63, df 2, p<0.001) and interaction with friends (F=3.37, df 2, p=0.035) declined slightly. Family and friends interaction subscales were predominantly predicted by high self-efficacy and optimism, whereas self-image and appearance & sexuality subscales were predominantly predicted by low treatment outcome disappointment, TDM difficulties, baseline psychological morbidity and high self-efficacy. Enjoyment of social activities was predicted by low baseline psychological distress and concurrent physical symptom distress.High self-efficacy and optimism predicted women who have better social relationships with friends and family. Higher self-efficacy, low TDM difficulties, less disappointment with treatment outcome and low psychological and physical distress predicted better adjustment to self-image and body image.