Imported: 21 Feb '17 | Published: 01 Mar '05
USPTO - Utility Patents
A slot bracket antenna (10) for transmitting or receiving signals is installed to cover an extension slot (9) of an electronic device. The slot bracket antenna includes a bracket (2), a slot (1) defined in the bracket, and a coaxial cable (3) attached to the bracket. The bracket comprises an inner core wire (4) and a metal braiding layer (6). The inner core wire and the metal braiding layer are respectively soldered to two sides of the slot in the bracket.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an antenna, and in particular to a slot bracket antenna employed in an electronic device.
2. Description of the Prior Art
With current developments in communication technology, such as Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), Bluetooth and HomeRF, many desktop computers now have the function of wireless telecommunication at close range. To achieve this function, an antenna is used with a desktop computer for receiving and transmitting signals. One conventional antenna used with a WLAN card having a Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) interface is externally mounted. The WLAN card is mounted in a PCI expansion slot in a desktop computer with a bracket covering a corresponding slot in a back cover of an enclosure of the desktop computer. The antenna is mounted to an exterior side of the bracket and electrically connects with the WLAN card through the bracket. However, the antenna is exposed to an outside of the enclosure and can be easily damaged, so the performance of the antenna is not really reliable. A second conventional antenna is directly mounted in the enclosure of the desktop computer by soldering or screwing to an inner surface thereof. However, this antenna is inconvenient to assemble or disassemble. Furthermore, another disadvantage of this antenna is that the screwing process defaces the appearance of the enclosure.
Hence, an improved antenna is desired to overcome the above-mentioned shortcomings of existing antennas.
A primary object, therefore, of the present invention is to provide an antenna which is convenient to mount to a computer enclosure, while at the same time being reliably protected from mechanical damage.
A slot bracket antenna in accordance with the present invention for use with an electronic device includes a bracket, a slot defined in the bracket, and a coaxial cable comprising an inner core wire and a metal braiding layer. The inner core wire and the metal braiding layer are respectively soldered to two sides of the slot for transmitting signals. The bracket is installed in an expansion slot of the electronic device.
In contrast to the prior art, the slot is defined directly in the bracket of the present invention. The slot bracket antenna has the advantages of being easy to assemble and low in cost.
Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Reference will now be made in detail to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 4, a slot bracket antenna 10 in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention is designed for installation on a shell of a computer (not labeled) and comprises a bracket 2, a slot 1 defined in the bracket 2 and a coaxial cable 3. The coaxial cable 3 comprises an inner core wire 4, an insulation layer 5 and a metal braiding layer 6. The inner core wire 4 and the braiding layer 6 are respectively soldered to two sides of the slot 1, on a side of the bracket 2 which is inward toward the computer when the bracket 2 is mounted on the computer.
Referring to FIG. 2, major dimensions of the slot bracket antenna are labeled, wherein all dimensions are measured in millimeters (mm).
Referring to FIG. 3, a slot bracket antenna 20 of a second embodiment is identical to that of the first embodiment but further includes a metal shielding cover 8. The metal shielding cover 8 covers the slot 1 and is on a same inward side of the bracket 2 to which the coaxial cable 3 is soldered. The reflection provided by the metal shielding cover 8 results in more antenna gain, while at the same time curtailing electromagnetic interference (EMI) transmission through the bracket 2, thus protecting the components inside the computer from EMI in the environment outside the shell of the computer, and protecting the external environment from EMI emission from inside the computer.
Referring to FIG. 4, the bracket 2 is installed in an expansion slot 9 of a shell of a computer. The metal shielding cover 8 and the coaxial cable 3 are inside the shell.
FIG. 5 shows a test chart recording of Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) of the second embodiment slot bracket antenna 20 as a function of frequency. Note that VSWR drops below the desirable minimum value “2” in the 2.4-2.5 GHz frequency band, indicating acceptably efficient operation in this frequency band.
FIGS. 6-7 respectively show horizontally and vertically polarized principle plane radiation patterns of the second embodiment slot bracket antenna 20 operating at frequencies of 2.5 GHz. Note that each radiation pattern is close to a corresponding optimal radiation pattern and there is no obvious radiating blind area.
The slot bracket antenna 10, 20 is convenient to mount on a computer enclosure and is also well protected from mechanical damage inflicted by the outside environment. Furthermore, the configuration of the slot 1 in the slot bracket antenna can be changed to create a duel-band antenna.
It is to be understood, however, that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of the present invention have been set forth in the foregoing description, together with details of the structure and function of the invention, the disclosure is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of shape, size, and arrangement of parts within the principles of the invention to the full extent indicated by the broad general meaning of the terms in which the appended claims are expressed.