Sixth-order factorization of the evolution operator for time-dependent potentials.

Research paper by G G Goldstein, D D Baye

Indexed on: 17 Dec '04Published on: 17 Dec '04Published in: Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics


The evolution operator of a quantum system in a time-dependent potential is factorized in unitary exponential operators at order 6. This expression is derived with the time-ordering method. It is compared with lower-order factorizations on several simple one-dimensional examples. Better accuracies are reached at sixth order for a given time step than at lower orders. Due to a significant increase of computation duration per time step, the sixth-order approximation is mainly useful when high accuracies are required.