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Six-year bariatric surgery outcomes: the predictive and incremental validity of presurgical psychological testing.

Research paper by Katy W KW Martin-Fernandez, Ryan J RJ Marek, Leslie J LJ Heinberg, Yossef S YS Ben-Porath

Indexed on: 02 Mar '21Published on: 01 Mar '21Published in: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases



Abstract

Research identifying preoperative psychosocial predictors of bariatric surgery outcomes has yielded inconsistent results with minimal examination of longer-term outcomes. Utilizing a broadband measure of personality and psychopathology during the preoperative evaluation helps to identify preoperative risk factors for suboptimal bariatric surgery outcomes. Examine predictors of outcome and the incremental contribution of presurgical psychological testing to various long-term bariatric surgery outcomes. Academic medical center. A total of 168 postoperative patients (average of 6 postoperative years) consented to participate in the outcome study. Participants were weighed by the trained research/clinical staff and completed a battery of self-report questionnaires, including measures assessing eating attitudes and behaviors and weight-related quality-of-life (QoL). Patients had completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) as part of the institution's routine preoperative psychosocial evaluation. Weight loss was calculated as percent total weight loss (%TWL) and percent weight regain (%WR) was calculated as a percentage of maximum weight loss. Other preoperative data were obtained from a review of each patient's electronic medical record (EMR). From the initial sample, 145 patients were retained for analyses in the present study. Preoperative problematic eating variables predicted long-term postoperative problematic eating behaviors and body image concerns. Scores on preoperative MMPI-2-RF scales measuring Demoralization, Dysfunctional Negative Emotions, Antisocial Behaviors, and Hypomanic Activation were consistent incremental predictors of 6-year outcomes, accounting for an additional 3%-24% of the variability in postoperative eating behaviors and QoL. The preoperative psychological evaluation can be used to identify predictors of long-term bariatric surgery outcomes. Identification of these risk factors provides important targets for pre- and postoperative clinical interventions to maximize surgical outcomes. Copyright © 2021 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.