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Singlet-Triplet Physics and Shell Filling in Carbon Nanotube Double Quantum Dots

Research paper by H. Ingerslev Jørgensen, K. Grove-Rasmussen, K. -Y. Wang, A. M. Blackburn, K. Flensberg, P. E. Lindelof, D. A. Williams

Indexed on: 21 Nov '07Published on: 21 Nov '07Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect



Abstract

An artifcial two-atomic molecule, also called a double quantum dot (DQD), is an ideal system for exploring few electron physics. Spin-entanglement between just two electrons can be explored in such systems where singlet and triplet states are accessible. These two spin-states can be regarded as the two states in a quantum two-state system, a so-called singlet-triplet qubit. A very attractive material for realizing spin based qubits is the carbon nanotube (CNT), because it is expected to have a very long spin coherence time. Here we show the existence of a gate-tunable singlet-triplet qubit in a CNT DQD. We show that the CNT DQD has clear shell structures of both four and eight electrons, with the singlet-triplet qubit present in the four-electron shells. We furthermore observe inelastic cotunneling via the singlet and triplet states, which we use to probe the splitting between singlet and triplet, in good agreement with theory.