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Single Stage Hemiarthroplasty Bipolar Surgical Procedure in 1 year Neglected Femoral Neck Fracture with 4cm Limb Shortening: A Case Report

Research paper by I Wayan Suryanto Dusak, I Dewa Gede Bracika Damma Prasada

Indexed on: 01 Jun '20Published on: 30 May '20Published in: Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine



Abstract

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, Volume 8, Issue 5_suppl5, May 2020. The neglected femoral neck fractures in young adults have always presented a difficult problem with high rates of non-union and avascular necrosis. In developing countries many of these fractures present late, often as a result of delayed referral or because of initial management by traditional bone-setters.Case Presentation:A 25- year-old female came to the outpatient clinic with chief complain pain on her right groin after a motorcycle accident 1 year ago. On physical examination a 4 cm leg length discrepancy was measured, and the patient walked with limping gait. Conventional x-ray confirmed displaced fracture of neck femur. Patient is treated with hemiarthroplasty bipolar without soft tissue release.Discussion:Neglected femoral neck fracture has a devastating effect on the blood supply of the femoral head, which is directly proportional to the severity of trauma and displacement of the fracture. Fracture displacement disrupts the terminal branches to the femoral head and leads to development of osteonecrosis. The goal of treatment in neglected femoral neck fracture is to achieve a painless, mobile and stable hip. In neglected femoral neck fracture more than 6 months, hence prosthetic replacement (hemi or total) is generally preferred. Hemiarthroplasty can be performed when the acetabulum is normal.Conclusion:Hemiarthroplasty bipolar give satisfactory outcome for neglected femoral neck fracture and provides a predictable, reproducible functional recovery although long-term results are yet to be seen