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Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) 3'-Untranslated Region Affect the Regulation of CYP2E1 by miR-570.

Research paper by Masataka M Nakano, Takuya T Mohri, Tatsuki T Fukami, Masataka M Takamiya, Yasuhiro Y Aoki, Howard L HL McLeod, Miki M Nakajima

Indexed on: 23 Jul '15Published on: 23 Jul '15Published in: Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals



Abstract

Human cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) catalyzes the metabolism of numerous xenobiotics, including acetaminophen and ethanol. CYP2E1 expression is known to be extensively regulated by post-transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms. A previous study had reported that a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 1561A>G in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of CYP2E1 leads to a decreased CYP2E1 mRNA level in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In this study, we examined the possibility that microRNA(s) (miR) may be involved in the SNP-mediated modulation of CYP2E1 expression. Genotyping and sequencing analyses revealed that another SNP, 1556T>A, in the 3'-UTR was in complete linkage disequilibrium with the SNP 1561A>G. We termed the alleles with 1556T and 1561A or 1556A and 1561G haplotype I or II, respectively. A luciferase assay revealed that miR-570 recognizes the CYP2E1 3'-UTR of haplotype I but not haplotype II. Human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cell lines stably expressing human CYP2E1 that included the 3'-UTR of haplotype I or II (HEK/2E1(I) or HEK/2E1(II) cells, respectively) were established. Overexpression of miR-570 significantly decreased the CYP2E1 protein level in the HEK/2E1(I) cells but not in the HEK/2E1(II) cells. In seven human livers with diplotype I/I, the CYP2E1 protein levels were inversely correlated with the miR-570 levels, but no relationship was observed in 25 human livers with diplotypes I/II and II/II. Collectively, it was demonstrated that human CYP2E1 was regulated by miR-570 in a genotype-dependent manner. This report describes the first proof that SNP in 3'-UTR of human P450 affects binding of miRNA to modulate the expression in the liver.