Simultaneous longitudinal and transverse oscillations in filament threads after a failed eruption

Research paper by Rakesh Mazumder, Vaibhav Pant, Manuel Luna, Dipankar Banerjee

Indexed on: 30 Mar '21Published on: 24 Oct '19Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics


Longitudinal and transverse oscillations are frequently observed in the solar prominences and/or filaments. These oscillations are excited by a large scale shock wave, impulsive flares at one leg of the filament threads, or due to any low coronal eruptions. We report simultaneous longitudinal and transverse oscillations in the filament threads of a quiescent region filament. We observe a big filament in the north-west of the solar disk on $6^{th}$ July 2017. On $7^{th}$ July 2017 it starts rising around 13:00 UT. Then we observe a failed eruption and subsequently, the filament threads start to oscillate around 16 UT. We observe both transverse and longitudinal oscillations in a filament thread. The oscillations damp down and filament threads almost disappear. We place horizontal and vertical artificial slits on the filament threads to capture the longitudinal and transverse oscillations of the threads. Data from Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) onboard Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is used to detect the oscillations. We find the signatures of large amplitude longitudinal oscillations (LALOs). We also detect damping in LALOs. In one thread of the filament, we observe large amplitude transverse oscillations (LATOs). Using the pendulum model we estimate the lower limit of magnetic field strength and radius of curvature from the observed parameter of LALOs. We show the co-existence of two different wave modes in the same filament threads. We estimate magnetic field from LALOs and hence suggest a possible range of the length of the filament threads using LATOs.