Simultane Ionen-Chromatographie von Kationen und Anionen mit Komplexonen als Elutionsmittel und selektiver UV-Detektion

Research paper by Georg Schwedt, Boris Kondratjonok

Indexed on: 01 Jan '89Published on: 01 Jan '89Published in: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry


The complexones EDTA, DCTA and EGTA were investigated as eluting agents at various pH-values for the simultaneous separation of 9 cations and 6 anions using ion chromatography on a silica gel based anion exchanger (Nucleosil 10-Anion II). 1,2-Diaminocyclohexanetetraacetic acid (DCTA) proved to be the best eluting agent. UV spectrophotometry was used for both direct and indirect detection of the anions and anionic metal complexes and a detailed study was carried out with respect to selectivity of detection. This was facilitated by referring to the UV absorption spectra of the anions and metal complexes involved. By choice of a suitable wavelength between 203 and 270 nm and taking into account pH effects, a number of selective determinations were possible. Examples include Pb and Cu in the presence of excess of Ca and Mg as well as nitrate, nitrite and bromide in a large excess of chloride and sulphate. Some examples of detection limits are (μg/l) nitrate 2, Fe(III) 3, Cu 9 and Pb 12 (sample volume 20 μl, direct UV-detection). The Chromatographie behaviour of Fe(II) and Fe(III) was studied and discussed. Drinking water was analysed for chloride, nitrate and sulphate as well as Ca and Mg using DCTA in the eluent. Complete analyses can be carried out in less than 15 min.