Simulated NIR spectra as sensitive markers of the structure and interactions in nucleobases.

Research paper by Krzysztof B KB Beć, Justyna J Grabska, Yukihiro Y Ozaki, Mirosław A MA Czarnecki, Christan W CW Huck

Indexed on: 25 Nov '19Published on: 24 Nov '19Published in: Scientific Reports


Near-infrared (near-IR; NIR) spectroscopy is continuously advancing in biophysical and biochemical fields of investigation. For instance, recent progresses in NIR hyperspectral imaging of biological systems may be noted. However, interpretation of NIR bands for biological samples is difficult and creates a considerable barrier in exploring the full potential of NIR spectroscopy in bioscience. For this reason, we carried out a systematic study of NIR spectra of adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine in polycrystalline state. Interpretation of NIR spectra of these nucleobases was supported by anharmonic vibrational analysis using Deperturbed Vibrational Second-Order Perturbation Theory (DVPT2). A number of molecular models of nucleobases was applied to study the effect of the inter-molecular interactions on the NIR spectra. The accuracy of simulated NIR spectra appears to depend on the intra-layer interactions; in contrast, the inter-layer interactions are less influential. The best results were achieved by combining the simulated spectra of monomers and dimers. It is of particular note that in-plane deformation bands are far more populated than out-of-plane ones and the importance of ring modes is relatively small. This trend is in contrast to that observed in mid-IR region. As shown, the local, short-range chemical neighborhood of nucleobase molecules influence their NIR spectra more considerably. This suggests that NIR spectra are more sensitive probe of the nucleobase pairing than mid-IR ones. The obtained results allow, for the first time, to construct a frequency correlation table for NIR spectra of purines and pyrimidines.