Indexed on: 15 May '20Published on: 15 May '20Published in: Nuclear medicine communications
Predicting the dignity of pancreatic lesions is still a diagnostic challenge. The differentiation between benign changes in chronic pancreatitis from pancreatic cancer remains difficult. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether early dual time point kinetics of pancreatic lesions in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) may be helpful to differentiate pancreatic lesions. We prospectively analyzed 64 patients (pancreatic cancer n = 45 and chronic pancreatitis n = 19) scheduled for dual time point FDG-PET/computed tomography scan for pancreatic lesions from 2005 to 2014. Studies were performed 60 and 90 minutes after application of F-FDG. Histological samples were collected for all patients, either by resection or by biopsy. Semiquantitative analysis was performed using the minimum, the maximum, and the average standardized uptake value (SUV) from the two different sets of images. To increase sensitivity and specificity, a formula addressing the weighting of standardized uptake values was created. With a sensitivity of 82.6%, specificity of 77.8%, accuracy of 79.7%, positive predictive value of 90.5%, and negative predictive value of 63.6% SUVmax@time1 > 3.45 was the most reliable single quantitative parameter for malignancy of the pancreatic lesions. Weighting of standardized uptake values produced a formula that showed an even better profile. In patients with suspicious pancreatic lesions, the simplified dual time point FDG-PET/computed tomography may represent a valuable diagnostic tool in characterizing pancreatic lesions.