Simplicial band depth for multivariate functional data

Research paper by Sara López-Pintado, Ying Sun, Juan K. Lin, Marc G. Genton

Indexed on: 05 Mar '14Published on: 05 Mar '14Published in: Advances in data analysis and classification


We propose notions of simplicial band depth for multivariate functional data that extend the univariate functional band depth. The proposed simplicial band depths provide simple and natural criteria to measure the centrality of a trajectory within a sample of curves. Based on these depths, a sample of multivariate curves can be ordered from the center outward and order statistics can be defined. Properties of the proposed depths, such as invariance and consistency, can be established. A simulation study shows the robustness of this new definition of depth and the advantages of using a multivariate depth versus the marginal depths for detecting outliers. Real data examples from growth curves and signature data are used to illustrate the performance and usefulness of the proposed depths.