Significantly enhanced critical current densities in MgB2 tapes made by a scaleable, nano-carbon addition route

Research paper by Yanwei Ma, Xianping Zhang, G. Nishijima, K. Watanabe, Xuedong Bai

Indexed on: 11 Jan '06Published on: 11 Jan '06Published in: Physics - Superconductivity


Nanocarbon-doped Fe-sheathed MgB2 tapes with different doping levels were prepared by the in situ powder-in-tube method. Compared to the undoped tapes, Jc for all the C-doped samples was enhanced by more than an order of magnitude in magnetic fields above 9 T. At 4.2 K, the transport Jc for the 5 at% doped tapes reached 1.85x104 A/cm2 at 10 T and 2.8x103 A/cm2 at 14 T, respectively. Moreover, the critical temperature for the doped tapes decreased slightly. Transmission electron microscopy showed a number of intra-granular dislocations and the dispersed nanoparticles embedded within MgB2 grains induced by the C doping. The mechanism for the enhancement of flux pinning is also discussed. These results indicate that powder-in-tube-processed MgB2 tape is very promising for high-field applications.