Indexed on: 29 Jul '05Published on: 29 Jul '05Published in: Leukemia
SGN-30, a monoclonal antibody with activity against CD30+ malignancies, is currently in phase II clinical evaluation for treatment of Hodgkin's disease (HD) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The mechanisms underlying SGN-30's antitumor activity were investigated using cDNA array of L540 cells. SGN-30 treatment activated NF-kappaB and modulation of several messages including the growth regulator p21WAF1/CIP1 (p21) and cellular adhesion marker ICAM-1. p21 protein levels increased coincident with growth arrest and Annexin V/PI staining in treated HD cells. To determine if SGN-30-induced growth arrest would sensitize tumor cells to chemotherapeutics used against HD, L540cy and L428 cells were exposed to SGN-30 in combination with a panel of cytotoxic agents and resultant interactions quantified by the Combination Effects Method. Interactions between SGN-30 and all cytotoxic agents examined were additive or better. These in vitro data translated to increased efficacy of SGN-30 and bleomycin against L540cy tumor xenografts. In addition to direct cell killing, SGN-30 affects growth arrest and drug sensitization through growth regulating and proapoptotic machinery. Importantly, these data suggest that SGN-30 can enhance the efficacy of standard chemotherapies used to treat patients with CD30+ malignancies.