Indexed on: 29 Mar '00Published on: 29 Mar '00Published in: Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology
The release of soluble circulating molecules represents a prominent feature during the course of immune-mediated clinical conditions. To further assess the relationship between serum concentrations of adhesion or apoptotic-related soluble structures and liver diseases, we evaluated the levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), Fas receptor (CD95) and Fas ligand (sCD95L) in a group of patients affected by Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)-induced chronic hepatitis (CH-C), HCV-positive liver cirrhosis with superimposed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). Results show that sICAM-1 values were in all instances significantly elevated when compared to those seen in healthy donors. Similar findings were noted in subjects with liver diseases in terms of sCD95 concentrations, even if to a different degree of statistical significance. Finally, sCD95L amounts were augmented in AIH, PBC, ALC and CH-C in comparison to controls, while in the HCC counterpart sCD95L levels fell within normal range. All together, these findings emphasize the occurrence of circulating soluble molecules in patients with various chronic liver diseases, likely reflecting the involvement of several pathogenetic mechanisms.