Indexed on: 30 Aug '20Published on: 28 Aug '20Published in: Egyptian Journal of Surgery
Bassem M Sieda, Osama H Khalil The Egyptian Journal of Surgery 2020 39(3):764-773 Background Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair has become a widely used technique. Objective This study evaluates the outcomes of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with and without fascial repair, with particular reference to complications, seromas, and early recurrence. Patients and methods A total of 177 patients were divided into three groups. Group I underwent laparoscopic [intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM)] hernioplasty without repair. Group II underwent laparoscopic IPOM hernioplasty with intracorporeal repair. Group III underwent laparoscopic IPOM hernioplasty with transfacial closure using PDS loop. Patients were followed for 6 months for early postoperative morbidity, including seroma formation, whereas the secondary end points were the adequacy of transfacial repair and its effect on early hernia recurrence. Conclusion Transfacial suture closure of hernia defect is the simplest method of the hernia repair and effective with less incidence of seroma and early recurrence as compared with nonfascial repair technique. Defect closure strengthens the abdominal wall by regaining its whole function and gives more space for mesh insertion. Whatever technique used for ventral hernia repair, obesity is still the most important risk factor for seroma and hernia recurrence.