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Short Form-36 outcomes following focal 1- and 2-level cervical laminectomy with multilevel instrumented fusion.

Research paper by Nancy E NE Epstein, Joseph A JA Epstein

Indexed on: 29 Aug '06Published on: 29 Aug '06Published in: Surgical neurology



Abstract

Multilevel laminectomy with instrumented fusion addresses diffuse dorsal cord compression with an adequately preserved cervical lordosis. However, for patients with only 1 to 2 laminar impingement, more "focal" laminectomy and fusion may suffice, the shortened laminectomy allowing for a more simple spinous process fusion skipping the 1 or 2 lamina that have been removed.Fourteen patients presented with severe spastic myeloradiculopathy (Nurick grade IV) attributed to magnetic resonance imaging- and CT-documented 1- to 2-level laminar compression, stenosis, and ossification of the yellow ligament. Magnetic resonance images also revealed 1- to 2-level hyperintense signals within the cord at the levels of maximal compromise. Surgical procedures included 1- to 2-level laminectomies and average 6.4-level posterior fusions. Dynamic x-ray/CT studies, which were obtained 3, 6, and up to 12 months postoperatively, followed progression toward fusion. Outcomes were assessed using Nurick grades (0-V) and SF-36 questionnaires assessed preoperatively and up to 12 months postoperatively.Patients improved on all 8 SF-36 Health Scales within the first postoperative year. Maximal improvement was observed on 5 Health Scales within the first 6 postoperative months (physical function, mental health, vitality, general health, role physical). The preoperative average Nurick grade (3.8) improved postoperatively (0.7 at 6 months, 0.5 at 1 year). Dynamic x-ray and CT studies documented fusion for all 14 patients by the sixth postoperative month.One- and two-level cervical laminectomies with multilevel-instrumented fusion effectively decompressed "focal" cord compression, whereas fusion maintained the cervical lordotic curvature and provided stability to avert future disease progression.