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Short and inflamed cervix predicts spontaneous preterm birth (COLIBRI study).

Research paper by Evelyne E Raiche, Annie A Ouellet, Maryse M Berthiaume, Éric É Rousseau, Jean-Charles JC Pasquier

Indexed on: 16 Nov '13Published on: 16 Nov '13Published in: The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians



Abstract

To develop a new strategy of predicting spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) by combination of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) assessment and inflammatory proteins detection in vaginal secretions.Prospective study of 87 women referred for cervical length assessment with a standardized TVUS combined to vaginal secretions sampling. Samples were analyzed for presence of 10 cytokines. Main outcome was sPTB (<37 weeks of gestation). Associations were assessed with the chi-square, Fisher's exact test (p < 0.05) and Wald's logistic regression.sPTB occurred in 25.3% of women at a median gestational age of 35.6 weeks of gestation. Short cervix (<25 mm) (n = 24) was associated with sPTB (p < 0.01) as interleukine (IL)-1β, IL-8 and IL-10 in vaginal secretions (p < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, short cervix and IL-8 in vaginal secretions were independently associated with sPTB (OR 3.58 (95%CI 1.02; 12.61) and 14.55 (95%CI 1.64; 128.83), respectively) as their combination (OR 4.33 (95%CI 1.25; 14.95)). By categorizing cervical length by presence of IL-8, sPTB occurred in 55.6% of women with a short inflamed cervix.COLIBRI study used a novel, single-step method of vaginal secretions sampling during TVUS and demonstrated that combination of short cervix and IL-8 in vaginal secretions is a promising sPTB predictive test.

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