Indexed on: 19 Nov '14Published on: 19 Nov '14Published in: Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology
This study was designed to determine serum human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) levels and establish whether serum HLA-G level is related with insulin resistance, oxidative stress, dyslipidemia and ovarian hyperandrogenism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Twenty-five patients with PCOS and 23 healthy control women were evaluated in this study. Serum HLA-G, lipid fractions, glucose, insulin, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), white blood cell (WBC), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and other hormone (gonadotropins and androgens) levels were measured. The estimate of insulin resistance was calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Serum luteinizing hormone (LH), total testosterone, fasting insulin, WBC levels and LH/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) ratio, free androgen index (FAI) and HOMA-IR values were significantly higher in patients with PCOS compared with healthy women. However, the women with PCOS had considerably lower serum FSH, SHBG, MDA, GSH and HLA-G levels than healthy subjects. HLA-G was inversely related with HOMA-IR, FAI, LH/FSH ratio and WBC, but positively with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Decreased serum HLA-G level may be related with insulin resistance, ovarian hyperandrogenism and oxidative stress in women with PCOS. Nevertheless, the exact role of HLA-G in the pathogenesis of the disease remains to be elucidated.