Serum antibody as a marker of protection against natural rotavirus infection and disease.

Research paper by F R FR Velázquez, D O DO Matson, M L ML Guerrero, J J Shults, J J JJ Calva, A L AL Morrow, R I RI Glass, L K LK Pickering, G M GM Ruiz-Palacios

Indexed on: 09 Nov '00Published on: 09 Nov '00Published in: The Journal of infectious diseases


To determine whether naturally acquired serum IgA and IgG antibodies were associated with protection against rotavirus infection and illness, a cohort of 200 Mexican infants was monitored weekly for rotavirus excretion and diarrhea from birth to age 2 years. Serum samples collected during the first week after birth and every 4 months were tested for anti-rotavirus IgA and IgG. Children with an IgA titer >1:800 had a lower risk of rotavirus infection (adjusted relative risk [aRR], 0.21; P<.001) and diarrhea (aRR, 0. 16; P=.01) and were protected completely against moderate-to-severe diarrhea. However, children with an IgG titer >1:6400 were protected against rotavirus infection (aRR, 0.51; P<.001) but not against rotavirus diarrhea. Protective antibody titers were achieved after 2 consecutive symptomatic or asymptomatic rotavirus infections. These findings indicate that serum anti-rotavirus antibody, especially IgA, was a marker of protection against rotavirus infection and moderate-to-severe diarrhea.