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Serological survey of paracoccidioidomycosis in cats.

Research paper by Gabriela Gonçalves de GG Oliveira, Donizeti Rodrigues DR Belitardo, Mara Regina Stipp MR Balarin, Roberta Lemos RL Freire, Zoilo Pires de ZP Camargo, Mario Augusto MA Ono

Indexed on: 06 Aug '13Published on: 06 Aug '13Published in: Mycopathologia



Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate infection of cats by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Serum samples of 136 cats from rural (n = 86) and urban areas (n = 50) were analyzed by indirect ELISA and immunodiffusion test using P. brasiliensis gp43 and exoantigen as antigens, respectively, and an overall reactivity of 31.6 % was observed by ELISA although no reactivity was detected by immunodiffusion. The positivity observed in animals living in rural areas (48.8 %) with free access to soil was significantly higher (P < 0.0001) than among urban animals (2 %) with limited access to soil, although no significant difference was observed in relation to age or sex. The high rates of positivity observed in cats from rural areas suggest that not diagnosed cases of this mycosis may be occurring in cats living in endemic areas for human paracoccidioidomycosis. This is the first report showing serological evidence of P. brasiliensis infection in cats.