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Sequence variants in exons of the BMP-15 gene in Chinese patients with premature ovarian failure.

Research paper by Peng P Zhang, Yu-Hua YH Shi, Lai-Cheng LC Wang, Zi-Jiang ZJ Chen

Indexed on: 28 Apr '07Published on: 28 Apr '07Published in: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica



Abstract

The bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP-15) gene is thought to be one of the important candidate genes involved in premature ovarian failure (POF). However, to date, there has been no consensus on the relationship between mutations in BMP-15 and ovarian dysfunction.To analyse mutations in the BMP-15 gene in Chinese women with POF.We sequenced the BMP-15 gene protein coding region of 92 patients and 76 healthy controls that cycle regularly.No mutations were found in the BMP-15 gene protein coding region. There was no difference in the incidence of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs 17003221 (CT) in exon 2 (p>0.05), or SNP rs (3810682CG: ss16336587) in the putative promoter region of exon 1, between the two groups. However, the allele gene frequency in SNP rs (3810682CG: ss16336587) was C (97.92%) and G (2.08%), respectively, in Chinese women, which is different from other races.Our findings indicate that mutations in BMP-15 exons, or changes in BMP-15 pro-peptide, are rare in Chinese women with POF. In addition, our data suggest that the 2 SNPs are not related to POF in Chinese women, while providing evidence for SNP variation between different races.