Sequence-specific assignment of histidine and tryptophan ring 1H, 13C and 15N resonances in 13C/15N- and 2H/13C/15N-labelled proteins

Research paper by Frank Löhr, Vicky Katsemi, Marco Betz, Judith Hartleib, Heinz Rüterjans

Indexed on: 01 Feb '02Published on: 01 Feb '02Published in: Journal of Biomolecular NMR


Methods are described to correlate aromatic 1Hδ 2/13Cδ 2 or 1Hε 1/15Nε 1 with aliphatic 13Cβ chemical shifts of histidine and tryptophan residues, respectively. The pulse sequences exclusively rely on magnetization transfers via one-bond scalar couplings and employ [15N, 1H]- and/or [13C, 1H]-TROSY schemes to enhance sensitivity. In the case of histidine imidazole rings exhibiting slow HN-exchange with the solvent, connectivities of these proton resonances with β-carbons can be established as well. In addition, their correlations to ring carbons can be detected in a simple [15N, 1H]-TROSY-H(N)Car experiment, revealing the tautomeric state of the neutral ring system. The novel methods are demonstrated with the 23-kDa protein xylanase and the 35-kDa protein diisopropylfluorophosphatase, providing nearly complete sequence-specific resonance assignments of their histidine δ-CH and tryptophan ε-NH groups.