Indexed on: 21 Oct '20Published on: 15 Oct '20Published in: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
The main objectives of this study are to investigate the spectral responses of a fire-damaged concrete slab using Impact-echo (IE) testing, and to develop a simplified model for interpreting the frequency shift due to heat-induced concrete damage after the fire. For these purposes, a reinforced concrete slab specimen (1000 mm (width) by 5000 mm (length) by 210 mm (thickness)) was fabricated in the laboratory. Heat damage in the concrete slab specimen was induced by exposing the bottom of the specimen to the temperatures corresponding to the standard fire curve described in the ASTM E 119 for 3 h. Impact-echo testing was performed on the bottom surface of the concrete slab specimen before and after inducing the fire damage. It was observed that the spectral responses of the fire-damaged concrete were dominated by several non-propagating waves, which resulted in main peak frequencies around 4500 Hz and 5100 Hz. A discrete layered concrete damage model developed in this study was used to reconstruct the variation of the P-wave velocity with the depth of the fire-damaged concrete. It was demonstrated that the predicted P-wave velocity profile using the simplified model showed a good agreement with the measured values from the five core samples, which measured 100 mm (diameter) by 200 mm (height) cylinders, using ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) measurements at eight different depths. In addition, the peak frequencies predicted by the simplified model were consistent with the measured peak frequencies. The experimental results in this study demonstrated that IE testing is effective for evaluating the post-fire damage of reinforced concrete slabs. Particularly, the simplified model in this study can be effective for better interpreting the spectral responses of fire-damaged concrete slabs by IE testing.