Indexed on: 24 Feb '20Published on: 21 Feb '20Published in: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Fingerprint positioning based on WiFi in coal mines has received much attention because of the widespread application of WiFi. Fingerprinting techniques have developed rapidly due to the efforts of many researchers. However, the off-line construction of the radio fingerprint database is a tedious and time-consuming process. When the underground environments change, it may be necessary to update the signal received signal strength indication (RSSI) of all reference points, which will affect the normal working of a personnel positioning system. To solve this problem, an adaptive construction and update method based on a quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization–user-location trajectory feedback (QPSO–ULTF) for a radio fingerprint database is proposed. The principle of ULTF is that the mobile terminal records and uploads the related dataset in the process of user’s walking, and it forms the user-location track with RSSI through the analysis and processing of the positioning system server. QPSO algorithm is used for the optimal radio fingerprint match between the RSSI of the access point (AP) contained in the dataset of user-location track and the calibration samples to achieve the adaptive generation and update of the radio fingerprint samples. The experimental results show that the radio fingerprint database generated by the QPSO–ULTF is similar to the traditional radio fingerprint database in the statistical distribution characteristics of the signal received signal strength (RSS) at each reference point. Therefore, the adaptive radio fingerprint database can replace the traditional radio fingerprint database. The comparable results of well-known traditional positioning methods demonstrate that the radio fingerprint database generated or updated by the QPSO–ULTF has a good positioning effect, which can ensure the normal operation of a personnel positioning system.