Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 3598: A Secure Lightweight Three-Factor Authentication Scheme for IoT in Cloud Computing Environment

Research paper by SungJin Yu, KiSung Park, YoungHo Park

Indexed on: 15 Sep '20Published on: 19 Aug '19Published in: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)


With the development of cloud computing and communication technology, users can access the internet of things (IoT) services provided in various environments, including smart home, smart factory, and smart healthcare. However, a user is insecure various types of attacks, because sensitive information is often transmitted via an open channel. Therefore, secure authentication schemes are essential to provide IoT services for legal users. In 2019, Pelaez et al. presented a lightweight IoT-based authentication scheme in cloud computing environment. However, we prove that Pelaez et al.’s scheme cannot prevent various types of attacks such as impersonation, session key disclosure, and replay attacks and cannot provide mutual authentication and anonymity. In this paper, we present a secure and lightweight three-factor authentication scheme for IoT in cloud computing environment to resolve these security problems. The proposed scheme can withstand various attacks and provide secure mutual authentication and anonymity by utilizing secret parameters and biometric. We also show that our scheme achieves secure mutual authentication using Burrows–Abadi–Needham logic analysis. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our scheme resists replay and man-in-the-middle attacks usingthe automated validation of internet security protocols and applications (AVISPA) simulation tool. Finally, we compare the performance and the security features of the proposed scheme with some existing schemes. Consequently, we provide better safety and efficiency than related schemes and the proposed scheme is suitable for practical IoT-based cloud computing environment.