Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 4479: Determination of HPLC-UV Fingerprints of Spanish Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.) for Its Classification by Linear Discriminant Analysis

Research paper by Xavier Cetó, Núria Serrano, Miriam Aragó, Alejandro Gámez, Miquel Esteban, José Manuel Díaz-Cruz, Oscar Núñez

Indexed on: 21 Dec '18Published on: 18 Dec '18Published in: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)


The development of a simple HPLC-UV method towards the evaluation of Spanish paprika’s phenolic profile and their discrimination based on the former is reported herein. The approach is based on C18 reversed-phase chromatography to generate characteristic fingerprints, in combination with linear discriminant analysis (LDA) to achieve their classification. To this aim, chromatographic conditions were optimized so as to achieve the separation of major phenolic compounds already identified in paprika. Paprika samples were subjected to a sample extraction stage by sonication and centrifugation; extracting procedure and conditions were optimized to maximize the generation of enough discriminant fingerprints. Finally, chromatograms were baseline corrected, compressed employing fast Fourier transform (FFT), and then analyzed by means of principal component analysis (PCA) and LDA to carry out the classification of paprika samples. Under the developed procedure, a total of 96 paprika samples were analyzed, achieving a classification rate of 100% for the test subset (n = 25).