Indexed on: 21 Dec '18Published on: 17 Dec '18Published in: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Currently, the detection of blueberry internal bruising focuses mostly on single hyperspectral imaging (HSI) systems. Attempts to fuse different HSI systems with complementary spectral ranges are still lacking. A push broom based HSI system and a liquid crystal tunable filter (LCTF) based HSI system with different sensing ranges and detectors were investigated to jointly detect blueberry internal bruising in the lab. The mean reflectance spectrum of each berry sample was extracted from the data obtained by two HSI systems respectively. The spectral data from the two spectroscopic techniques were analyzed separately using feature selection method, partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and support vector machine (SVM), and then fused with three data fusion strategies at the data level, feature level, and decision level. The three data fusion strategies achieved better classification results than using each HSI system alone. The decision level fusion integrating classification results from the two instruments with selected relevant features achieved more promising results, suggesting that the two HSI systems with complementary spectral ranges, combined with feature selection and data fusion strategies, could be used synergistically to improve blueberry internal bruising detection. This study was the first step in demonstrating the feasibility of the fusion of two HSI systems with complementary spectral ranges for detecting blueberry bruising, which could lead to a multispectral imaging system with a few selected wavelengths and an appropriate detector for bruising detection on the packing line.