Indexed on: 04 Mar '11Published on: 04 Mar '11Published in: Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture
In this paper we address the problem of prolonging the lifetime of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployed to monitor an area of interest. In this scenario, a helpful approach is to reduce coverage redundancy and therefore the energy expenditure due to coverage. We introduce the first algorithm which reduces coverage redundancy by means of Sensor Activation and sensing Radius Adaptation (SARA)in a general applicative scenario with two classes of devices: sensors that can adapt their sensing range (adjustable sensors) and sensors that cannot (fixed sensors). In particular, SARA activates only a subset of all the available sensors and reduces the sensing range of the adjustable sensors that have been activated. In doing so, SARA also takes possible heterogeneous coverage capabilities of sensors belonging to the same class into account. It specifically addresses device heterogeneity by modeling the coverage problem in the Laguerre geometry through Voronoi-Laguerre diagrams. SARA executes quickly and is guaranteed to terminate. It provides a configuration of the active set of sensors that lifetime and coverage requirements of demanding WSN applications, not met by current solutions. By means of extensive simulations we show that SARA achieves a network lifetime that is significantly superior to that obtained by previous algorithms in all the considered scenarios.