Semiclassical gravitational effects on the gravitational lensing in the spacetime of topological defects

Research paper by Kimet Jusufi, Farook Rahaman; Ayan Banerjee

Indexed on: 03 Mar '18Published on: 05 Feb '18Published in: Annals of Physics


Publication date: February 2018 Source:Annals of Physics, Volume 389 Author(s): Kimet Jusufi, Farook Rahaman, Ayan Banerjee The theory of gravitational lensing has revealed many generic and fundamental properties of compact objects like black holes and wormholes. In this article, we utilize a recent formulation to compute the quantum effects on the deflection angle of a light ray, namely, the Gauss–Bonnet theorem (GBT) to explore the semiclassical gravitational effects in the spacetime of a point-like global monopole and a cosmic string. Previously, the Gauss–Bonnet theorem (Gibbons and Werner, 2008) was proposed as an alternative way to compute the deflection angle of light in a static, spherically symmetric and asymptotically flat spacetime. In the present article we have used the celebrated GBT that applied to the optical metric as well as the geodesic method in computing the deflection angle. Interestingly one can observe that we have found an exact result between GBT and the standard approach up to the third-order contributions terms by modifying the domain of integration for cosmic string and global monopole deflection angles. Finally we have considered the time delay in the cosmic string/global monopole spacetime and found that the delay in time is proportional to the linear mass density of the cosmic string and global monopole parameter, respectively.