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Self-Organized Superlattice and Phase Coexistence inside Thin Film Organometal Halide Perovskite

Research paper by Tae Woong Kim, Satoshi Uchida, Tomonori Matsushita, Ludmila Cojocaru, Ryota Jono, Kohei Kimura, Daiki Matsubara, Manabu Shirai, Katsuji Ito, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Takashi Kondo, Hiroshi Segawa

Indexed on: 10 Jan '18Published on: 10 Jan '18Published in: Advanced Materials



Abstract

Organometal halide perovskites have attracted widespread attention as the most favorable prospective material for photovoltaic technology because of their high photoinduced charge separation and carrier transport performance. However, the microstructural aspects within the organometal halide perovskite are still unknown, even though it belongs to a crystal system. Here direct observation of the microstructure of the thin film organometal halide perovskite using transmission electron microscopy is reported. Unlike previous reports claiming each phase of the organometal halide perovskite solely exists at a given temperature range, it is identified that the tetragonal and cubic phases coexist at room temperature, and it is confirmed that superlattices composed of a mixture of tetragonal and cubic phases are self-organized without a compositional change. The organometal halide perovskite self-adjusts the configuration of phases and automatically organizes a buffer layer at boundaries by introducing a superlattice. This report shows the fundamental crystallographic information for the organometal halide perovskite and demonstrates new possibilities as promising materials for various applications.