Indexed on: 29 Nov '15Published on: 29 Nov '15Published in: Physics - Superconductivity
The distance of apical O to planes, d, is introduced as serving as an arbiter in the dispute between different local O coordination (n) in determining charge equilibration in YBa2Cu3Oy. We assign reported cell volume and plane expansion (V+P+) on shot quenching (SQ) from above 600K to O- connected with (3) at a critical cluster size for increased d, maximizing at 673K and y=6.44. This and a Tc=100K level is ascribed to self-doped apical O-, acting as a plane reducer and expander (P+). By contrast, slow cooling to 260K produces conventional cell volume contracted varieties (V-P-), based on plane oxidizing (4) with its small d=2.3A at a Tc=50K level. V+P+ to V-P- transformation is slow due to electronic rearrangement involving O-, compared to the primarily structural one within V-. A SQ minority at Tc=200K* level and related effects observed on laser pulsing (for y=6.5 Tc=552K*), termed as elevated temperature superconductivity (ETS), are also explained as due to plane expanding n-doping. We assume that central (2) connect p-doped pairs in the bonds of both apical O- with plane Cu, in line with retrograde increases in Tc with increasing %(2). 3-D superconductivity is a result of d now being comparable to plane dimensions.